Children and teenagers are vulnerable to a wide range of potential dangers within the home. These include trips, slips and falls; fire and heat; sharp objects; poisoning; electrical shock; drowning and suffocation.
The curricula for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland emphasise keeping safe as a core aspect of students' learning. Nationwide Education's Home Safety programmes for ages 12 – 16 build on the knowledge and skills developed by the resources for younger age groups. These resources aim to help both teachers and parents deliver important messages about staying safe, and help young people learn how to identify and minimise risks.
Nationwide Education's Home Safety programmes include:
Each of these programmes links directly to guidance on the teaching of safety in the UK curricula. The programmes for ages 12-16 focus on seven key areas of home safety:
Please see Curriculum Links for information about how these resources link to the UK curriculum objectives.
Accidents are the second biggest killer of children and young people in the UK with six dying and 2,000 admitted to hospital with injuries every week (Child Accident Prevention Trust).
As young people grow and become more independent they open themselves up to a whole new set of risks and dangers around the home. They may be using electrical equipment such as hair dryers/straighteners, mulit-media devices or microwaves for example, or cooking using sharp utensils, flames and heat. They may also be looking after younger brothers or sisters, elderly or disabled relatives, or pets. Three-quarters of children aged 15 and under are allowed to sleep over at a friend's house, so they need to be able to transfer home safety skills to other environments.
The majority of children and young people's accidents happen in and around the home. Some involve minor bumps and scrapes but many are more serious injuries resulting in scarring, disfigurement, permanent disability or even death. Most of these are easily preventable if safety precautions are taken and young people have a greater ability to assess potential risk.
According to the National Institute for Clinical Excellence, treating unintentional injuries among children and young people costs UK Accident and Emergency departments approximately £146 million a year. For example, treatment for a single severe bath water scald can cost £250,000. The ongoing pain, suffering and emotional costs for the victim and his or her family are, of course, immeasurable, and can also affect friends, teachers, neighbours, doctors, emergency services – everyone associated with the victim and the incident – directly and indirectly.