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Practical things to do together at home

Keep pointing out possible dangers and encourage your child to do the same. Walk through each room of the house. Discuss why different things are dangerous (see the 'Home Safety Tips' section) and ask your child questions about them and ways to make the house safer. Put him or her 'in charge' of safety in and around the home. If appropriate, remind your child that he or she also needs to help younger brothers and sisters keep safe. Let him or her do a risk assessment of each room, listing the dangers in each room. If friends or relatives are willing, this could be done in their home too.

Talk about any accidents or injuries that you or family members have had, again looking at how and why they happened and what could have been done to prevent them.

Point out some of the safety equipment you have in your home (e.g. smoke alarm, first aid kit).

Use post-it notes or sticky labels as reminders and warnings around the home where things might be dangerous.

When you feel your child is ready, show him or her how to use things like scissors safely.

Keep a list of emergency telephone numbers in clear large letters (in order of whom they should ring) by the phone or stuck on the fridge. Make sure it includes family and friends you trust and are likely to be at home or on their mobile.

Talk to your child about making a 999 call. Make sure they know NEVER to mess about or make a prank call – only call 999 in a real emergency. Talk through the steps and the questions they may be asked (see downloadable fact sheet – Making an Emergency Call).

Make an escape plan for your family, in case of a fire. Everyone should know what to do in an emergency (see downloadable fact sheet – Family Emergency Escape Plan). Don't make it frightening or panicky but simple and straightforward so they understand. Make a role play game out of it and practise it every few months so it's easily remembered.

And the best thing you can do - set a good example!